Chambersburg was raided by Confederates three times during the Civil War. The first raid was led by Gen. J.E.B. Stuart on Oct. 10, 1862. The town was occupied from June 24-26, 1863, during the Gettysburg Campaign, and burned to the ground on the orders of Brig. Gen. John McCausland on July 30, 1864, when it refused to pay a ransom of $100,000 in gold or $500,000 in U.S. dollars.